Password Recover

Recover password functionality with e-mail sender usign Django Email Backend

How to start project.

  • Create a folder in your machine
  • Create a virtual environment
    • python3 -m venv venv
  • Start the virtual environment
    • . venv/bin/activate (Linux)
    • venv/Scripts/Activate (Windows)
  • Inside your venv folder clone the project
    • git clone https://github.com/alexlopesbr/forgot-password.git
  • In your-new-folder/venv/forgot-password
    • pip install -r requirements.txt to install the project's dependencies
    • python manage.py migrate to generate your database
    • python3 manage.py createsuperuser to create the admin
    • python3 manage.py runserver to start the server
  • Open your browser and go to http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/
  • Login with the admin credentials
    • Now you can see you user and some info in admin panel

Using the functionality

We have two POST requests:

{{localhost}}/core/user/forgot-password/ Send an e-mail with a link to recover the password.

body of the request:

    {
        "email": "email from you user created"
    }

{{localhost}}/core/user/change-forgotten-password/ Allows you to enter the new password.

body of the request:

    {
        "email": "email from you user created",
        "forgot_password_hash": "inside the redefine you passwod button sended to your email",
        "new_password": "set a new password"
    }

You can use Postman or Insomnia to test the requests.
Note: When you start your server the localhost generaly is http://127.0.0.1:8000/.


Some instructions and informations

root

setings.py

BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))

BASE_URL = 'sandbox.com'

EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.smtp.EmailBackend'
EMAIL_HOST = 'smtp.gmail.com'
EMAIL_HOST_USER = '[email protected]'
EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD = 'your-key'
EMAIL_PORT = 587
EMAIL_USE_TLS = True

First step, set some configures in settings.py. Don't forget to set the EMAIL_HOST_USER and the EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD.


core

views.py

from core.models import User
from rest_framework.response import Response
from .services import send_forgot_password_email
from .exceptions import ForgotPasswordInvalidParams
from rest_framework.permissions import AllowAny
from rest_framework.decorators import action

@action(detail=False, methods=['post'], url_path='forgot-password', permission_classes=[AllowAny])
def forgot_password(self, request):
    if 'email' not in request.POST:
        raise ForgotPasswordInvalidParams
    send_forgot_password_email(request.POST['email'])
    return Response({'worked': True})

@action(detail=False, methods=['post'], url_path='change-forgotten-password', permission_classes=[AllowAny])
def change_forgotten_password(self, request):
    email = request.POST.get('email', None)
    forgot_password_hash = request.POST['forgot_password_hash']
    new_password = request.POST['new_password']
    User.change_password(email, forgot_password_hash, new_password)
    return Response({'worked': True})

Here we create a request called forgot-password to send an email with a link to change the password.
In this case, we are calling the send_forgot_password_email function. (see the function details below)

We also create a change-forgotten-password request to change the password. Here we need to send the email, the hash and the new password.

Obs. the hash is an inplicit parameter that is generated by the send_forgot_password_email function.

forgot_password_hash and new_password fields are set in core.models.py

services.py

from core.models import User
from emails.services import send_email_forgot_password
from core.exceptions import UserDoesNotExist
from django.utils import timezone
from datetime import timedelta
import re
import urllib.parse

def send_forgot_password_email(email):
    try:
        user = User.objects.get(email=email)
    except User.DoesNotExist:
        raise UserDoesNotExist
    now = timezone.now()
    user.forgot_password_hash = re.sub(r'\D', '', str(now))
    user.forgot_password_expire = now + timedelta(hours=24)
    user.save()
    link = 'https://forgot-password.com/change-password?email=%s&hash=%s' % (
        urllib.parse.quote(user.email), user.forgot_password_hash)
    send_email_forgot_password(user.email, link)

In this function we gererate a hash with a simple timezone.now() that will be atribuate to forgot_password_hash. This will be our validator.
We also set the forgot_password_expire field with the same timezone.now() plus the timedelta of 24 hours. So we give to user 24 hours to change the password.
We can bring another informations like the name of the user, but we don't use it in this exemple.

In the send_email_forgot_password function we send the email with the link to change the password.


emails

services.py

from django.core.mail import EmailMessage
from django.conf import settings


def open_and_return(my_file):
    with open(settings.BASE_DIR + '/emails/templates/' + my_file, 'r', encoding="utf-8") as file:
        data = file.read()
    return data


def send_email_forgot_password(email, link):
    template = open_and_return("forgot-password.html").format(link)

    msg = EmailMessage(
        u'Email forgot password received',
        template,
        to=[email, ],
        from_email=settings.EMAIL_HOST_USER
    )

    msg.content_subtype = 'html'
    msg.send()

The last step is sending the email with the link to user to change the password.

open_and_return function opens the template and returns the content.
This template is in emails/templates/forgot-password.html and will be used to lets our email message prettier.
In template = open_and_return("forgot-password.html").format(link) we replace the link with the link that was setted in the send_forgot_password_email function.

More information about sending emails in Django documentation

Download source code from Github

Download ZIP

Submit resources